An armed robbery is a crime where the defendant uses a dangerous weapon to take another person’s property. A prosecutor must prove the elements of theft, violence, and a dangerous weapon to get a conviction.
The victim doesn’t have to resist the robber if they fear bodily harm or death. If this is the case, the robber could be convicted of strong-arm robbery instead.
The Offender’s Purpose
A robbery occurs when someone takes the personal property of another without consent or permission. The personal property may include items that are within the victim’s presence and close to them – even objects they have no idea they possess.
One of the primary purposes behind the robbery is to steal money and other valuables from victims. A robber can use violence, intimidation, or both to achieve this goal.
The most common strategy robbers use to accomplish this is by using the fear of a deadly or dangerous weapon to incite compliance. This strategy often works well but sometimes does not.
When this fails, offenders usually respond with severe, but non-lethal, violence aimed at convincing the victim to cooperate. The violence can involve smacking the victim about the head or shooting them in an area unlikely to prove fatal.
The Offender’s Means
Armed Robbery is a violent crime that can permanently traumatize its victims, and is often carried out by gangs. It is a serious criminal offense that may carry a prison term of one to 20 years.
The means used in committing an armed robbery are dependent on the circumstances and the offender’s personal preferences, but they generally include violence, intimidation, and a high degree of victim compliance. Levels of violence are also influenced by the reactions of victims and bystanders.
A majority of Australian and overseas research suggests that professional robbers engage in substantial planning, target commercial establishments with greater risk, and use firearms more frequently than opportunistic or amateur offenders (Mouzos & Borzycki 2003). The value of the takings is also higher for professional offenders than for other types of robbers (Gill 2000; Matthews 1996).
The Offender’s Threats
Unlike most other sorts of street crime, armed robbery requires offenders to confront intended victims directly. This interactional component is what distinguishes robberies from other forms of violence and provides an important clue to the offender’s aims during a stick-up.
To achieve their aims, offenders must effectively convey the fact that their target has suddenly and irrevocably become the object of an opportunistic crime. This involves a dramatic reversal of normality that takes place only during the announcement of the stick-up.
They use a range of tactics to accomplish this goal, but most agree that displaying a gun is a critical step in committing an armed robbery. Displaying a weapon also allows them to communicate their threats more clearly.
The Offender’s Weapon
The offender’s weapon can play an important role in committing an armed robbery. For example, if the offender has a gun during the robbery, it will be more likely that they will have more success in their crime.
Having a weapon can also be used to make the victim think that they are in danger, which can lead them to comply with their demands. This is called a “redundancy effect” and can help the offender achieve their goals more quickly.
In Florida, the crime of armed robbery is a first degree felony and can carry a life sentence in prison. It is a serious offense that can permanently traumatize its victims.